About Hamadan Rugs
Hamadan rugs, also known as Hamedan rugs, come from the city of Hamadan, one of the oldest cities in the world, located in western Iran. Hamadan has been a center of rug production for centuries, with many surrounding villages contributing their unique designs and techniques to the region's output.
Hamadan rugs are characterized by their high-quality wool, sturdy construction, and a wide range of designs. They typically feature tribal and geometric patterns, including herati (fish) designs, medallions, floral motifs, and various animal figures. These patterns are often bold, clear, and large, frequently set against a rich, red field, although blue and ivory can also be common.
A variety of sizes can be found, but smaller rugs and runners are quite typical. Hamadan rugs are usually made of a wool pile on a cotton or wool foundation, using the asymmetric (Persian) knot. These rugs are known for their durability due to the high-quality materials used and the strong, tight weave.
The term "Hamadan" actually encompasses rugs from several hundred villages and towns around the city of Hamadan, each producing their own distinctive patterns and styles. Some well-known types of Hamadan rugs include Borchelu, Enjilas, Hosseinabad, Nahavand, and Tuserkan rugs.
It's important to know that there are many imitations of Hamadan rugs in the market, so it's crucial to purchase from a reputable dealer if you're interested in owning an authentic piece. Also, like other handmade Persian rugs, Hamadan rugs can vary greatly in value based on factors like age, size, condition, quality of materials, intricacy of design, and more. Always consider seeking the help of a professional appraiser if you're uncertain about the value of a specific rug.